Investing Your Money Basics

Basic knowledge of financial statements and a general understanding of how the balance sheet, income statement and cash flow statement are interrelated is another common technical skill-testing question of the investment banking interview. Familiarize yourself with how changes made to one section alter the figures in the other sections. It is important to understand, not just memorize, the connections between the statements. The role of an investment bank as a mediator is to directly familiarize the nature of the investment and the entity being invested in. In case of conventional banking, people deposit finances in the form of cash, assets and so on with a bank. The bank in turn can lend to a borrower under some standard norms to utilize in his own way. In the case of investment banking, there is a direct familiarization of both the investor and the borrower. This means that an individual or institutional investor has an option to choose his type of investment or division of investment into any given entity looking out for funds. An investment bank can also assist investment in the financial market.

Through investment banking, companies can create funds in two ways. They can either draw on public funds from capital market by releasing the stock i.e. corporate finance or they can go to venture capitalists or private equities to become share holders in their company. The field of investment banking is also engaged in giving advice and consultation on how to manage various takeovers and merging i.e. [M&A] merger and acquisitions. They also provide companies with ideas on how to declare public offerings and manage their talents. The handling of mergers and acquisitions come under the corporate finance function of the investment banking. The margin between investment banking and other forms of banking has been very unclear for a long time now and for the same time; the function of this banking sector has grown to covering every field of wealth management process of corporate as well as individual persons.

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